About Shudan shiko = Group-oriented mentality;
One of the most important natinal characeristics of the Japanese people is that of their group-oriented mentality . In fact, it influences the way that people behave to a very large extent. For example , everybody simltaneously belongs to a number of social groups, such as family , school classes, one’s company and all sorts of clubs. When a decision has to be made within such a group, Japanese people tend to assimilate with others and avoid confrontation, beacaue they believe it is the best way to maintain a harmonious relationship. If one dies not follow the majorty, he or she may be excluded from the group. This equates to an extreamely severe punishment for noncompliance with the group.