Japanese spirit part11

About ON = Moral indebtedness .

Moral indebtedness refers to the state of mind of owing something to another due to gratitude . Histrially speaking , in Japanese feudal society , people of higher rank took care of thier subordinates both psycholgocally and economically. The subordinates declared respect and loyalty and felt moral indebtedness in return. For instance, human relations bound by moral indebiness can be seen between the samural lord and his warries , or between parents and children. Even in today’s Japanese society , the network of human relations is governed by feelngs of ON in variuos ways .